And if our own extinction is a likely, or even possible, outcome of our technological development, shouldn't we proceed with great caution? But the shield he proposed would itself be extremely dangerous - nothing could prevent it from developingRead more
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Sociology - Marx, Durkheim and Weber
sacred objects with a sense of reverence and awe, even if they do not believe that the objects have some special power. For example, he says that god is first of all a being that man conceives of as superior to himself in some respects and one on whom he believes he depends. In elucidating a sociology of knowledge, Durkheim uses the history of religions to show how religions mirrored the way society was structured. To Weber, Christianity was a salvation religion that claims people can be saved when they convert to certain beliefs and moral codes.
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The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, he attempts to show that the ideas (Webers classic switchman metaphor) behind the religious beliefs of Calvinists steer the direction of the forces that were already in motion. Both attempt to connect things to one another, establish internal relations between those things, classify them, and systematize them (p. Though their theories can seem very different, there are some similarities. tags: Durkheim, Marx, Weber. Sociology will start by saying that humans are social beings that we continually create groups and social categories. The ideas of a prophet, once they become established and rationalized, then become bureaucratized and wait for the next prophet to come along and start the cycle again. Assisting this process is what Durkheim calls effervescence: if collective life awakens religious through when it rises to a certain intensity, that is so because it brings about a state of effervescence that alters the conditions of the psychic activity. Similarly to this turn of definitions, Durkheim starts his examination somewhat benignly, as an exploration of the beliefs and rituals of the tribal religions in Australia. Learning about these theories is the beginning of ones sociological career. However, the creation and maintenance of these symbols, as well as the gods, developed into the need to systematize and regulate them.
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