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Napoleon Bonaparte as the Emperor of France
combat remained with Napoleons main force. Helena to the banks of the Seine in accordance with his last wishes. Next he marched on Vienna. The Legislative Assembly and the Senate, formerly so docile, were now asking for peace and for civil and political liberties. According to the Treaty of Amiens, the British, who had taken the island on the collapse of the French occupation, should have restored it to the Hospitallers; but the British, on the pretext that the French had not yet evacuated certain Neapolitan ports, refused. By the Treaty of Fontainebleau, the allies granted him the island of Elba as a sovereign principality, an annual income of two million francs to be provided by France, and a guard of 400 volunteers. They were strongly attached to the essential achievements of the Revolution, and Louis xviii had come back in the baggage train of the foreigners with the last surviving migrs who had learnt nothing and forgotten nothing and whose influence seemed to threaten most of the. Napoleons Years of Glory As emperor, Napoleon used his power to organize his countrys civil laws into a single civil code. On the island Bonaparte plotted his return and taking advantage of lax security and in the knowledge there was a growing resentment of the restored Bourbons and Louis xviii, he landed in France in early March of 1815. Holding on for grim life the situation was saved for Bonaparte by General Louis Desaix 's arrival with reinforcements and what was a lost battle became a stunning victory for the First Consul. When Charles IV abdicated in favour of his son Ferdinand VII, Napoleon, seeing the opportunity to rid Europe of its last Bourbon rulers, summoned the Spanish royal family to Bayonne in April 1808 and obtained the abdication of both Charles and Ferdinand; they were interned.
When Corsica declared independence from France in 1793 he severed all ties with the island; he was henceforth a Frenchman, through and through. Military campaigns and uneasy peace The first consul spent the winter and spring of reorganizing the army and preparing for an attack on Austria alone, Russia having withdrawn from the anti-French coalition. Eventually the Jacobins fell from power and Robespierre was executed. I die before my time, killed by the English oligarchy and its hired assassins.
During the French Revolution (17891799 many army officers fled the country, as they were also nobility. The empire The peace settlement had brought about the life consulate; the return of war was to stimulate the formation of the empire. While lOreals Strategy Analysis affairs within France were on a high, Bonaparte committed a serious error when the determined Duc d'Enghien, a Royalist figurehead, was kidnapped from neutral Baden, tried without a lawyer defending him and then executed. Peace followed and was cemented when Bonaparte, now divorced from Josephine, married Marie-Louise of Austria. Like Caesar, he was not afraid to get into the thick of the fighting to inspire his men. From March, Napoleon was confined to bed. Lord Byron had published his Ode to Napoleon Buonaparte as early as 1814; the German poet Heinrich Heine wrote his ballad Die Grenadiere; and in 1817 the French novelist Stendhal began his biography Vie de Napolon ( Life of Napoleon ). With the large number of states under either his control or influence, Bonaparte decided that by excluding Britain from trading with them he could hurt that nation's economy sufficiently to stop it bankrolling more wars on mainland Europe. Napoleon revolutionized military organization and training, sponsored the Napoleonic Code, reorganized education and established the long-lived Concordat with the papacy. Napoleons Wives Napoleon married Josphine de Beauharnais, widow of General Alexandre de Beauharnais (guillotined during the Reign of Terror) and the mother of two children, on March 9, 1796 in a civil ceremony.
Joseohines Influence on the great Napoleon
Inheritance Issues in France